The one thing about life is, it never goes as planned. Unexpected things occur when we least expect them, putting us in complicated situations. While movies seem to make it easy for the actors, dealing with unpredictable situations can be extremely hard in real life. For example, if your car is sinking, your best chance of survival is to roll the window down and escape through the narrow opening, rather than trying to forcefully open the door. As the car sinks, the water pressure causes the doors to stay shut. Here, we have collected 11 key facts that will be helpful in dealing with any unforeseen predicament.
1. If you are ever stuck in the woods and are desperate to find a source of water, even if you are tempted, never eat snow. Eating snow raises your chances of getting hypothermia.
If you ever find yourself in a situation surrounded by snow and far away from civilization or any source of water, you might be tempted to eat snow. In such cases, never consume snow, since your main goal should be to stay warm and keep your body temperature steady. Eating snow lowers the body temperature, especially in a freezing environment. Hypothermia is caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures.
The normal body temperature averages 98.6° F and hypothermia causes your core temperature to drop below 95° F. In severe hypothermia, core body temperature can drop to 82 degrees or lower. So, putting something freezing inside your body only raises your chances of hypothermia. If you are desperate, then start a fire and melt the snow. Not only will it quench your thirst, it will also help you maintain body temperature. (source)
2. Before a powerful storm such as a tornado or flood, always fill your tub or sink with water; as a supply of clean water.
Hurricanes, floods, power outages, and snow storms can contaminate the supply of food and water. In such cases, it is important to prevent you, your family and pets from food borne illnesses. Before an unpredictable emergency, the FDA suggests that we keep containers of ice to keep food cold or to be used as backup water supply. If you do not have a supply of bottled water, then sterilize your bathtub and fill it with water. You can do the same with the sink. Water is not only essential to clean food, it is also crucial for our survival. If you ever find yourself in such a situation, make sure you boil the water before consuming. (source)
3. If you ever have strangers come over for a party or any other occasion, check all windows and doors to make sure that the locks are not tampered with.
It’s not unusual for our friends or family members to bring someone they know or for strangers to crash a party without being invited. While me might not think much of it, people can be unpredictable at times. Although it’s not a worst case scenario, someone can easily leave a door or window unlocked, so that they can return at a later time to carry out their sinister plan. There have been several cases where thieves have left a back door or window unlocked to carry out the perfect heist. (source)
4. In case of an emergency, do not inflate the lifejacket while you’re still inside the plane.
It is important that we pay attention during take off and landing since 97% of incidents occur during this time period. In case of a mishap, if the plane has to make an emergency landing in a body of water and you have to make an extremely fast evacuation, it is important that you do not inflate your life jacket until you exit the flight. If the plane is sinking while you are still inside with an inflated vest, it could cause you to be trapped inside and sink with the aircraft.
Inflating a life jacket before exiting can also make it difficult to exit without causing tears in the jacket; rendering it useless. Another important tip is to always count the number of seats between you and the emergency exits. This way, if the aircraft loses power, you can still make your way towards the emergency exit, just by knowing how many seats there are to escape. (source)
5. If someone has a concussion, elevate their head so that fluid doesn’t build up in their brain.
Most head injuries are mild head injuries, however, a small percentage of mild head injuries progress to more serious injuries. A concussion is defined as a physiologic injury to the brain without any evidence of structural alteration. If you encounter someone who has a concussion, gently elevate their head about 20-30°, in order to reduce fluid build up. However, if the person has a spinal injury, the head should not be elevated until the unstable spine has been stabilized. (source)
6. Prevent the danger of choking by learning the Heimlich maneuver.
The heimlich maneuver is a first aid procedure used when a person is choking. In an instance where you are choking and cannot find anyone to help you, you can try to dislodge the item in your throat or windpipe by performing the Heimlich maneuver on yourself. When we are choking, the airway may be blocked so that not enough oxygen reaches the lungs. In such situations, panic is common, but the first step is to try and remain calm.
Then, place your pinky finger in your belly button and roll upward once. This is the spot you want to apply pressure at. Use a chair and apply thrust at the spot between your rib cage and navel until you are able to dislodge the food item from your airway. (source)
7. Always remember your body’s endurance limits using the rule of third’s.
The limits of the human body often follow the “Rules of Three”:
- 3 minutes without air
- 3 hours without shelter from the elements
- 3 days without drinking
- 3 weeks without eating
Always follow these rules that pushes the limits of the human body. Also, if you’re in a situation where you have no water source, try your best not to eat. Eating will just make you thirstier. You can survive 3 weeks without food, but only a few days without water.
8. If you suddenly feel unwell in a public place, single out a person from a crowd and ask them for help.
When you are in a public area and are not feeling well all of a sudden, do not call for help by saying, “Can someone please help me?”. Scientists have studied human behavior and explain that in such a case, most people exhibit a behavior known as “diffusion of responsibility”, where a person is less likely to take responsibility, thinking that someone else would step in. When there’s a crowd of people, the diffusion of responsibility increases and you will less likely receive help from anyone.
Instead, you should specifically point and ask an individual from a crowd for help. When you request a specific person for assistance, others will be encouraged to step in, since they see that you are really in need of help. (source)
9. The square wave systems or cross waves might look breathtaking, but they hide powerful currents underneath. Never go out for a swim in the ocean if you spot this phenomenon.
Square waves or cross sea is a phenomenon that occurs when two wave systems cross each other at nearly perpendicular angles. This can occur when waves generated by one weather system collides with waves generated by another weather system. Waves are capable of traveling thousands of miles over the surface of water, and during a calm day, a storm that is present hundreds of miles away can cause rolling waves at a distant shore.
A cross sea can also sometimes produce very tall and powerful waves, which causes trouble for ships as well as surfers. If you ever see a cross wave pattern, take a picture but stay away from the swirling, dangerous place. (source)
10. In case of an emergency, you can ask Siri to call an ambulance for you.
Siri is capable of making reservations, waking us up at a specific time and letting us know of of important reminders. Little did you know that Siri is also capable of calling emergency services. In 2016, Stacey Gleeson from Cairns in Australia, saw that her infant was turning blue through the baby monitor. As she hurried and tried to focus on clearing the passage way, she remembered the device’s voice response capabilities.
Stacey shouted “Hey Siri, call an ambulance” and Siri complied by alerting the emergency services. Stacey was then able to successfully communicate the family’s address on speakerphone before paramedics arrived and were able to help her. In order to thank Apple for the piece of technology that saved her daughters life, Stacey wrote a personal letter. In August of 2017, a man who was working under his truck was pinned underneath after the support structure he had put up, failed. He also remembered Siri’s capabilities and used it to call for help. (source)
11. If you feel like you are being followed, turn right 4 times.
If you’re driving in an unfamiliar place and you happen to notice a car behind you making the same moves, never stop near an abandoned or dimly lit area. To make sure your suspicions are accurate, turn right four times in a row and check to see if the car behind you is making the same turns. Once you confirm that they are indeed on your trail, try to go to a public area such as a gas station, surrounded by people. This might prompt them to leave you alone. (source)