With all of the technological advances, we now know more about space than our very own planet. More than 70% of the ocean is still yet to be explored. As scientists and archaeologists attempt to better understand our planet, they come across mysterious anomalies that have no explanation. Our ancestors had no technology or modern medicines, like we have today. Yet, they managed to get around and live their lives to the fullest. However, they found several ways to travel around the world or to use the stars as maps. Here, we have gathered a list of mysterious findings that baffle scientists to this day. Some of them have no definitive explanation for their existence, other than theories and hypothesis.
1. An ancient and mysterious disk called the ‘Phaistos Disk’.
The “Phaistos Disk”, an ancient and mysterious clay disk that is over 4,000-years-old, was discovered in 1908 on the Greek island of Crete. The disk resembles a compact disk and has a mysterious language inscribed on it. For years, scientists have been trying to decipher the inscriptions to understand the message but as of today, they have had very little luck. According to Dr. Gareth Owens, who has been studying the “first Minoan CD-ROM”, he has been able to understand the language and a bit of the message. After a six year study, Owens explains that the disk is read in a spiral direction from the outside rim to the inside.
So far, researchers have been able to understand three key words: IQEKURJA, which means “goddess”; IQE, which may mean “mother” or “goddess”; IQEPAJE or IQE-PHAE, which may mean “shining mother” or “goddess”. Although the entire message and the use of the disk is undetermined, scientists believe that it might contain a prayer to a Minoan goddess. (source)
2. The mysterious hole beneath the Sphinx’s ear.
For centuries, the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx has been part of hundreds of mysteries and theories. An unknown civilization built these gigantic structures, leaving us with great wonders and unanswered questions. Standing approximately 66 feet tall and 240 feet long, the Sphinx was not assembled piece by piece but was carved from a single mass of limestone. It is one of the largest and oldest monolithic statues in the world. There’s a mysterious hole beneath the Sphinx which appears to be blocked by something. Scientists have long debated that the there’s more to the Sphinx than what we see outside.
Around 1798, Vivant Denon etched an image of the Sphinx that shows men on top of it. While government authorities deny that any such entrances exist, Robert Schoch, a researcher, has seismic data indicating there is a chamber underneath the paws of the Sphinx. While archaeologists believe that there’s more to the Sphinx than its appearance, there’s no way to get inside since the entrances have either been blocked or flooded. (source)
3. Mysterious objects called Roman dodecahedrons were found across the territory of the Roman Empire.
A Roman dodecahedron is a small hollow object made of bronze or stone with a geometrical shape that has twelve flat pentagonal faces, each with a circular hole in the middle. All sides connect into a hollowed center and are also embellished with a number of knobs at each corner point of the pentagon. More than 100 such artifacts have been discovered across Great Britain, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium and Hungary. While the objects are in plenty, there’s no available explanation as to what they were used for.
While some suggest that the object was merely a candle holder or was used as a flower stand, archaeologists believe it could have been a toy or even a measuring device. A handful of archaeologists however, believe that it could be a religious artifact since most of them were discovered in Gallo-Roman sites. Other theories also suggest that they could have been used to predict seasons so farmers knew exactly when winter was coming. Whatever the assumptions might be, the origins and the purpose of the objects are yet to be known. (source)
4. The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica that are perfectly spherical.
The Stone Spheres or “Las Bolas” which translates to “The Balls”, are a collection of over 3,000 petrospheres in Costa Rica. According to archeologists, the stones were produced by the Diquis culture, a civilization that existed more than 15 centuries back. The stones, ranging from 10 to 257 cm in diameter and weighing more than 16 tons, are believed to be created around the year 600. They are found throughout Costa Rica and until now, scientists only know who created them. Their purpose however, or why they were scattered throughout Costa Rica, still remains unclear. (source)
5. The Antikythera Mechanism, a device that was recovered from the Antikythera shipwreck near the Antikythera, a Greek island.
The Antikythera Mechanism, a 2,000-year-old device, is believed to be the world’s first mechanical computer. Believed to have been designed by Greek scientists, the device dates back to 205 BC. In July 1901, divers recovered it from the Antikythera shipwreck near the Antikythera, a Greek island, and for over a century, scientists have been studying it. Equipped with at least two dozen gears, laid on top of each other, calibrated with the precision of a master-crafted Swiss watch, explain scientists. While it is believed to be a clock or a calculating device, it is still not known as to what it was used for. Some scientists claim that it was used to predict the position of the planets and stars in the sky depending on the calendar month, while more careful study is required to find its exact purpose. (source)
6. The H blocks of Puma Punku in Bolivia, that are made with great precision.
One of the world’s most ancient and mysterious sites is Puma Punku in Bolivia, in the ancient city of Tiwanaku. Puma Punku is part of a large temple complex that is believed to predate 536 AD and later. The complex consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanade or promenade, a terraced platform mound, and a walled eastern court. What amuses scientists and archaeologists alike is that they are unsure of who built the complex structures, how they were built, and why they were built. The row of H-shaped blocks are the most baffling, since there are approximately 80 faces on them; all of which match each other with great precision. Some believe that they are made with concrete rather than stones due to the complexity. It also remains a mystery as to how the structures were built, since there’s no record that such technology was known to pre-Incan cultures. (source)
7. The ancient stone labyrinths of Bolshoi Zayatsky Island.
Bolshoi Zayatsky Island, a tiny northern island, is home to many ancient labyrinths. Bolshoi Zayatsky Island, which is less than one square mile in total, is covered with dozens of labyrinths. Some of them are estimated to be older than 30,000 B.C and even today, stay intact without the need to be preserved. Most of the labyrinths are made of stone heaps while others are molded into the landscape. For decades, scientists have been studying the mysterious labyrinths but are unable to pinpoint as to why they were made or what they were used for. Since Bolshoi island was once a place of magic, the locals believe that the labyrinths were part of rituals or beliefs, but we may never know their exact purpose. (source)
8. The Voynich Manuscript, which is written in an unbreakable code.
The Voynich Manuscript dates back to the 15th or 16th century and is believed to be written in Italy during the Renaissance. Filled with texts and drawings that are literally undecipherable, scientists have tried decoding the book for years. According to Yale University, the manuscript is described as having “magical or scientific text” where almost every single page contains botanical, figurative, and scientific drawings of a “provincial” but lively character drawn in ink with vibrant washes in various colors. The only thing known is that it is from Central Europe, and was named after the Polish-American antiquarian bookseller, Wilfrid M. Voynich, who received the manuscript in 1912. Famous WWI and WWII codebreakers tried deciphering them but to no avail. (source)